“The US government collects and disseminates extensive data on consumption and production of goods and services. This data is available in the annual “Statistical Abstract of the United States” prepared by the US Census Bureau, as well as in other US data publications. In the PCSD report, policy recommendation 3 in Chapter 2 on “Extended Product Responsibility” calls for the US to adopt a voluntary Programme that ensures responsibility for the environmental effects throughout a product’s life cycle by all those involved in the life cycle. As stated in Vice President Gore’s address at CSD I in 1993, the issue of sustainable patterns of consumption and production is an important one for the United States.”

An important new element in U.S. foreign assistance programmes has come about since the passage of the Government Performance and Results Act of 1993 (GPRA). This law requires all U.S. government agencies to establish performance objectives and prepare strategic plans. USAID’s Strategic Plan issued in September 1997 established six goals under each of which there is a framework of objectives and Programme approaches. The six USAID goals are:

#1. Broad-based economic growth and agricultural development encouraged.
#2. Democracy and good governance strengthened.
#3. Human capacity built through education and training.
#4. World population stabilized and human health protected.
#5. The world’s environment protected for long-term sustainability.
#6. Lives saved, suffering associated with natural or man-made disaster reduced, and conditions necessary for political and/or economic development re-established.