ADN Compilation:  WAR ON DRUGS

By:  Ami Tiel   9/3/17

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BLOG written by William LaSalle 9/3/17    (written permission to share)

Let’s get high.
Put on some rose colored glasses.
Let’s believe the problems the United States has are old statues and no one knows which bathroom to use.
A nation on drugs and self help.
I am ok you are ok is not ok and it never was ok.
Self help is not working even with the drugs.

(1)CNN article:  This is America on drugs: A visual guide (Story Below)

(2) CDC article:  Therapeutic Drug Use (Story Below)

Getting stoned and ignoring our problems.
We may set in front of our TV, too stoned to get up and change the channel, but it ony helps till the next day when we have to get up and go to work again.
Natural and semisynthetic opioid analgesics were involved in about 11,700 drug-poisoning deaths in 2011, up from about 2,700 deaths in 1999.

About 70% of the opioid-analgesic poisoning deaths in 2011 involved natural and semisynthetic opioid analgesics such as hydrocodone, morphine, and oxycodone. The number of drug-poisoning deaths involving natural and semisynthetic opioid analgesics increased each year from 2,749 deaths in 1999 to 11,693 deaths in 2011 (Figure 2). The number of drug-poisoning deaths involving synthetic opioid analgesics other than methadone, such as fentanyl, meperidine, and propoxyphene, increased from 730 deaths in 1999 to 2,666 deaths in 2011.

The toxic dose is pretty fixed, the amount of the drug you take to get you the feeling you want increases with use. So over time, you tend to take more and more and get closer and closer to the toxic dose.

(3)PubMed article:  The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: a perfect storm. (Story Below)

2011 Abuse is increasing, with varying patterns of use by high-risk groups and different geographic preferences.

(4)CDC article:  Drug overdose deaths hit record numbers in 2014 (Story Below)

2015 People who are killed by Prescription drugs continues to increase in the United States.
And Today.

(5)NYT article:  Drug Deaths in America Are Rising Faster Than Ever (Story Below)

Drug Deaths in America Are Rising Faster Than Ever
We can say with confidence that drug deaths rose a great deal in 2016, but it is hard to say precisely how many died or in which places drug deaths rose most steeply. Because of the delay associated with toxicology reports and inconsistencies in the reported data, our exact estimate — 62,497 total drug overdose deaths — could vary from the true number by several thousand.

(6)BusinessInsider article:  Deaths from opioid overdoses have jumped — and one age group is being affected at stark rates (Story Below)

As our doctors give us Toxic Opiods, the Government still has a prohibition on Marijuana, the drug that helps instead of killing.
Our FDA approved an opiate for use as a marijuana substitute which is much more dangerous than Marijuana.
Opiates, Tobacco, Alcohol, and prescription drugs kill people, marijuana does not.
Until the horribly rich drug corporations, the synthetic rope and cloth manufactures, and crooked politicians in the United States listed marijuana as a dangerous drug it was a valuable medical herb all over the world and had been in every medical text in our world for thousands of years.
Marijuana should never have been listed as a dangerous drug and banning hemp production hurt the farmers in the United States more than anything else our government has done.
Our American Medical Association, our FDA, our CDC, our FBI, our CIA, and our Politicians only lie when money is involved.
Every person in the United States who’s record in crime is only use of, distribution, or having Marijuana should have their criminal record expunged and should be made whole.

Our War on Drugs is a violation of our Pursuit of Happiness, our right to a better life, our right to seek our own healthy life in the way we choose, and our personal freedoms.
Our War on Drugs is as bad as the Holocaust, Catholic’s and the Holy Roman Empire’s Inquision, Communism’s destruction of Human Rights in China, Cuba, and the U.S.S.R., and Islam’s child abuse, abuse of women, Islam’s forcing girls and women to wear the horrible long dress and mask of Islam’s slaves, Islam’s torture, Islam’s rapes, and Islam’s punishment by stoning, flogging, shooting, hanging, and beheading for offenses against Islam in each nation of the United Nations under Islamic Law.
The United States’s 1937 decision to list Marijuana as a dangerous drug was wrong.
The Scientists, Lobbyists of the Synthethic Rope and Cloth makers, and the fat cat politicians in Washington, DC before 1940 knew nothing about Marijuana other than you could smoke it and get high and they could not tell the differnce between Marijuana and Hemp so they made both of them illegal and destroyed the money making Hemp Industry that our farmers had depended on.
No one in the world knew anything about Marijuana until the scientists in Israel finaly began to work with it about 35 years after the United States had listed it as a Dangerous Drug by mistake.
Marijuana is a healing herb and has been for thousands of years. It was listed as Cannabis in every medical book from ancient China. Cannabis was a prescribed medicine all over the world before the United State’s mistake.
Tobacco is legal to use though it kills people every day and is listed as a pesticide in books on poisons.

(7)Wired article:  Nicotine and the Chemistry of Murder (Story Below)

(8)Wikipedia article:  History of medical cannabis (Story Below)

In the mid 19th century, medical interest in the use of cannabis began to grow in the West.
In the 19th century cannabis was one of the secret ingredients in several so called patent medicines. There were at least 2000 cannabis medicines prior to 1937, produced by over 280 manufacturers.
The advent of the syringe and injectable medicines contributed to an eventual decline in the popularity of cannabis for therapeutic uses, as did the invention of new drugs such as aspirin.
An Irish physician, William Brooke O’Shaughnessy, is credited with introducing the therapeutic use of cannabis to Western medicine. He was Assistant-Surgeon and Professor of Chemistry at the Medical College of Calcutta, and conducted a cannabis experiment in the 1830s, first testing his preparations on animals, then administering them to patients to help treat muscle spasms, stomach cramps or general pain.
Modern medical and scientific inquiry began with doctors like O’Shaughnessy and Moreau de Tours, who used it to treat melancholia and migraines, and as a sleeping aid, analgesic and anticonvulsant.
Nicotine kills people as does Alcohol and Prescription drugs, Marijuana does not kill people and there is no reason it is listed as a dangerous drug.
Anyone should be able to grow Marijuana for their own use.
A company producing any product with Marijuana in it should be taxed at the same rate a product with Tobacco, the more toxic product is taxed. These products that contain Marijuana should be sold to adults like tobacco products in all of the stores in the United States, legally, with a tax stamp like the ones on Tobacco Products, of course with out the warnings the Toxic Tobacco products are required to have.

Blog written by William LaSalle (shared with written permission)

Source – William LaSalle FB

 

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(1)CNN:  This is America on drugs: A visual guide

By:   Jen Christensen and Sergio Hernandez     Updated 2:34 PM ET, Fri June 23, 2017

In modern history, few things have caused such a sharp spike in US deaths as drug overdoses.
CNN reached out to every state for the latest statistics on drug deaths, with half providing data from 2015. It found that drugs deaths continue to rise rapidly in many states.

 

Epidemiologists in several states blame the increasing number of drug-related deaths on greater use of heroin and synthetic opioids, such as fentanyl.
“If you look at the cause of death, we just don’t normally see increases like this,” said Robert Anderson, the chief of the mortality statistics branch at the National Center for Health Care Statistics at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

Continue reading at…

Source – CNN

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(2)CDC:  Therapeutic Drug Use – Fact Stats

Data are for the U.S.

Prescription drug use

Percent of persons using at least one prescription drug in the past 30 days: 48.9% (2011-2014)
Percent of persons using three or more prescription drugs in the past 30 days: 23.1% (2011-2014)
Percent of persons using five or more prescription drugs in the past 30 days: 11.9% (2011-2014)

Source – CDC.gov   Health US 2016 Table 79

Physician office visits

Number of drugs ordered or provided: 2.8 billion
Percent of visits involving drug therapy: 74.2%
Most frequently prescribed therapeutic classes:
Analgesics
Antihyperlipidemic agents
Antidepressants

Source – CDC.gov  National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey…Tables 24/25

Hospital outpatient department visits

Number of drugs ordered or provided: 329.2 million
Percent of visits involving drug therapy: 72.5%
Most frequently prescribed therapeutic classes
Analgesics
Antidiabetic agents
Antihyperlipidemic agents

Source – CDC.gov  National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey…Tables 18/19/20

Hospital emergency department visits

Number of drugs ordered or provided: 296.7 million
Percent of visits involving drug therapy: 80.4%
Most frequently prescribed therapeutic classes
Analgesics
Antiemetic or antivertigo agents
Minerals and electrolytes

Source – CDC.gov  National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey…Tables 20/21/22

More Data  (Links available at source)

Source – CDC

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(3)PubMed:  The prescription drug epidemic in the United States: a perfect storm.

Drug Alcohol Rev.   2011 May 30   Maxwell JC – Author

Addiction Research Institute, School of Social Work, The University of Texas at Austin, Austin, TX 78703, USA. [email protected]

INTRODUCTION AND AIMS:
Abuse of prescription analgesics in the USA is increasing. The epidemic has been driven by many factors, including marketing strategies, incorrect prescribing practices, a variety of legal and illegal drug sources, belated governmental responses and increases in the number of prescriptions written.
DESIGN AND METHODS:
Data sources including surveys, emergency room visits, treatment admissions, overdose deaths, toxicology laboratory findings and journal articles were examined to identify trends.
RESULTS:
The surveys and emergency department visits show use lowest among young teenagers and highest among older teenagers and young adults, with significant increases among those aged 55 and older. The length of time between initial use of an opioid other than heroin and admission to treatment is shortening. Mortality data and toxicology exhibits confirm the increases and show the variation in the prevalence of various drugs across the USA.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSIONS:
Abuse is increasing, with varying patterns of use by high-risk groups and different geographic preferences. Prescription drug monitoring programs are being developed in each of the US states to deter ‘doctor shopping’; the Food and Drug Administration has increased authority over manufacturers; and options for proper disposal of leftover medications exist. There is increased emphasis on responsible prescribing including risk assessments, prescribing agreements, treatment plans, and training for clinicians, as well as monitoring the interactions with benzodiazepines. However, unless these efforts decrease diversion, abuse and addiction, clinicians may lose the ability to use some of these opioids for effective pain management or so many barriers will be raised that pain will go undertreated or untreated.

Source – PubMed

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(4)CDC:  Drug overdose deaths hit record numbers in 2014

Over 47,000 deaths last year, mostly due to opioid pain relievers and heroin

From 2000 to 2014 nearly half a million Americans died from drug overdoses. Opioid overdose deaths, including both opioid pain relievers and heroin, hit record levels in 2014, with an alarming 14 percent increase in just one year, according to new data published today in CDC’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.
The most commonly prescribed opioid pain relievers, those classified as natural or semi-synthetic opioids such as oxycodone and hydrocodone, continue to be involved in more overdose deaths than any other opioid type. These deaths increased by 9 percent (813 more deaths in 2014 than 2013).
Increases in prescription opioid pain reliever and heroin deaths are the biggest driver of the drug overdose epidemic. Deaths from heroin increased in 2014, continuing a sharp rise that has seen heroin overdoses triple since 2010. Deaths involving illicitly made fentanyl, a potent opioid often added to or sold as heroin, also are on the upswing.
“The increasing number of deaths from opioid overdose is alarming,” said CDC Director Tom Frieden, M.D., M.P.H. “The opioid epidemic is devastating American families and communities. To curb these trends and save lives, we must help prevent addiction and provide support and treatment to those who suffer from opioid use disorders. This report also shows how important it is that law enforcement intensify efforts to reduce the availability of heroin, illegal fentanyl, and other illegal opioids.”
Drug overdose deaths are up in both men and women, in non-Hispanic whites and blacks, and in adults of nearly all ages. Rates of drug overdose deaths were highest among five states: West Virginia, New Mexico, New Hampshire, Kentucky, and Ohio. A map of drug overdose deaths by state (2013 and 2014) is available at https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/statedeaths.html.

Continue reading at…

Source – CDC

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(5)NYT:  Drug Deaths in America Are Rising Faster Than Ever

By Josh Katz   June 5, 2017

New data compiled from hundreds of health agencies reveals the extent of the drug overdose epidemic last year.
AKRON, Ohio — Drug overdose deaths in 2016 most likely exceeded 59,000, the largest annual jump ever recorded in the United States, according to preliminary data compiled by The New York Times.
The death count is the latest consequence of an escalating public health crisis: opioid addiction, now made more deadly by an influx of illicitly manufactured fentanyl and similar drugs. Drug overdoses are now the leading cause of death among Americans under 50.
Although the data is preliminary, the Times’s best estimate is that deaths rose 19 percent over the 52,404 recorded in 2015. And all evidence suggests the problem has continued to worsen in 2017.

Because drug deaths take a long time to certify, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention will not be able to calculate final numbers until December. The Times compiled estimates for 2016 from hundreds of state health departments and county coroners and medical examiners. Together they represent data from states and counties that accounted for 76 percent of overdose deaths in 2015. They are a first look at the extent of the drug overdose epidemic last year, a detailed accounting of a modern plague.

UPDATE The first governmental account of nationwide drug deaths shows roughly 64,000 people died from drug overdoses in 2016.

Continue reading at…

Source – NYT

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(6)BusinessInsider:  Deaths from opioid overdoses have jumped — and one age group is being affected at stark rates

By: Erin Brodwin   Feb. 28, 2017, 12:27 PM

Deaths from opioid overdoses just jumped again.
According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, which released its latest report on Friday, the most recent tragic increase follows a pattern that’s been ongoing since 1999.
In the last 16 years, more than 183,000 Americans have died from overdoses related to prescription opioids.
However, the new report details some striking changes in two areas: First, the specific drugs involved in the deaths; and second, the age groups of the people most affected.
For example, while fatal overdoses involving so-called “natural,” “semi-synthetic,” and “synthetic” opioids (morphine, oxycodone, methadone) all fell between 2010 and 2015, the percentage of fatal overdoses involving heroin tripled.

…Fentanyl is a tricky drug, though: It’s available legally (with a prescription) and illegally (on the black market). It’s also 50 times stronger than pure heroin….

Continue reading at…

Source – BusinessInsider

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(7)Wired:  Nicotine and the Chemistry of Murder

By: Deborah Blum  05.25.12

The 1850 murder of Gustave Fougnies in Belgium is not famous because of the cleverness of his killers. Not at all. They – his sister and brother-in-law – practically set off signal flares announcing their parts in a suspicious death.
It’s not famous because it was such a classic high society murder. The killers were the dashing, expensive, and deeply indebted Comte and Countess de Bocarmé. The death occurred during a dangerously intimate dinner at their chateau, a 18th century mansion on an estatein southern Belgium.

Nor it is remembered because the Comte died by guillotine in 1851 – so many did after all.

No, this is a famous murder because of its use of a notably lethal poison. And because the solving of this particular murder changed the history of toxicology, helped lay the foundation for modern forensic science. The poison, by the way, was the plant alkaloid nicotine. And it was chosen because at the time, no one – absolutely no one – knew how to detect a plant alkaloid in a dead body…

Continue reading at…

Source – Wired

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(8)Wikipedia:  History of medical cannabis

The early Chinese surgeon Hua Tuo (c. 140-208) is credited with being the first recorded person to use cannabis as an anesthetic. He reduced the plant to powder and mixed it with wine for administration prior to conducting surgery…

Cannabis is one of the 50 “fundamental” herbs in traditional Chinese medicine, and is prescribed to treat diverse indications. FP Smith writes in Chinese Materia Medica: Vegetable Kingdom:

Every part of the hemp plant is used in medicine … The flowers are recommended in the 120 different forms of (風 feng) disease, in menstrual disorders, and in wounds. The achenia, which are considered to be poisonous, stimulate the nervous system, and if used in excess, will produce hallucinations and staggering gait. They are prescribed in nervous disorders, especially those marked by local anaesthesia. The seeds … are considered to be tonic, demulcent, alternative [restorative], laxative, emmenagogue, diuretic, anthelmintic, and corrective. … They are prescribed internally in fluxes, post-partum difficulties, aconite poisoning, vermillion poisoning, constipation, and obstinate vomiting. Externally they are used for eruptions, ulcers, favus, wounds, and falling of the hair. The oil is used for falling hair, sulfur poisoning, and dryness of the throat. The leaves are considered to be poisonous, and the freshly expressed juice is used as an anthelmintic, in scorpion stings, to stop the hair from falling out and to prevent it from turning gray. … The stalk, or its bark, is considered to be diuretic … The juice of the root is … thought to have a beneficial action in retained placenta and post-partum hemorrhage. An infusion of hemp … is used as a demulcent drink for quenching thirst and relieving fluxes…

In the mid 19th century, medical interest in the use of cannabis began to grow in the West.  In the 19th century cannabis was one of the secret ingredients in several so called patent medicines. There were at least 2000 cannabis medicines prior to 1937, produced by over 280 manufacturers.  The advent of the syringe and injectable medicines contributed to an eventual decline in the popularity of cannabis for therapeutic uses, as did the invention of new drugs such as aspirin…

Later, in the 1970s, a synthetic version of THC was produced and approved for use in the United States as the drug Marinol. It was delivered as a capsule, to be swallowed. Patients complained that the violent nausea associated with chemotherapy made swallowing capsules difficult. Further, along with ingested cannabis, capsules are harder to dose-titrate accurately than smoked cannabis because their onset of action is so much slower. Smoking has remained the route of choice for many patients because its onset of action provides almost immediate relief from symptoms and because that fast onset greatly simplifies titration. For these reasons, and because of the difficulties arising from the way cannabinoids are metabolized after being ingested, oral dosing is probably the least satisfactory route for cannabis administration.  Relatedly, some studies have indicated that at least some of the beneficial effects that cannabis can provide may derive from synergy among the multiplicity of cannabinoids and other chemicals present in the dried plant material…

Continue reading at…

Source – Wikipedia

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ADDITIONAL RESEARCH added to Original Blog Post

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$8.5 Billion U.S. Counter Narcotics Effort in Afghanistan Boosts Opium Production

FEBRUARY 09, 2017

‘The U.S. government’s multi-billion-dollar effort to counter narcotics in Afghanistan is a humiliating failure that’s resulted in a huge increase in poppy cultivation and opium production. Despite the free-flow of American tax dollars to combat the crisis, opium production rose 43% in the Islamic nation, to an estimated 4,800 tons, and approximately 201,000 hectares of land are under poppy cultivation, representing a 10% increase in one year alone.’

Uncle Sam’s embarrassing counter narcotics effort is part of a broader and costly failure involving the reconstruction of Afghanistan. More than $100 billion have been dedicated to help rebuild the war-torn country and much of it has been lost to waste, fraud and abuse not to mention corruption. The drug initiative is a recent example, documented by the Special Inspector General for Afghanistan Reconstruction (SIGAR) in a quarterly report to Congress. The document is painful to read because it goes on for 269 pages, but Judicial Watch created a link (1) for the counter narcotics section, which is around 19 pages and includes informative charts, graphs and the latest available statistics.

(1)  COUNTERNARCOTICS
KEY ISSUES AND EVENTS The United Nations Office of Drugs and Crime (UNODC) reported that approximately 201,000 hectares of land in Afghanistan were under poppy cultivation in 2016—an increase of 10% over the previous year’s total. According to UNODC, poppy eradication results were the lowest this decade at 355 hectares—a 91% decrease from 2015. Though cultivation decreased by 7% in Helmand—the country’s main opium poppy-cultivating province—and 3% in Kandahar, it increased significantly in others, notably 184% in Badghis. The number of poppy-free provinces decreased from 14 to 13, with Jowzjan losing the poppy-free status it regained in 2008.778 Moreover, final approval of the U.S. government’s revised counternarcotics strategy has been postponed until the new Administration endorses the new strategy. The Department of State’s Bureau of International Narcotics and Law Enforcement Affairs (INL) implemented a new alternative-livelihood program through UNODC and United Nations Development Programme (UNDP). The Community-Based Agriculture and Rural Development (CBARD) project aims to improve household income while reducing dependency on illicit poppy cultivation for selected communities in Badghis and Farah Provinces. The $61.3 million USAID Commercial Horticulture and Agricultural Marketing (CHAMP) program was extended during the quarter. Under the three-year extension, CHAMP will focus on supply chain marketing and promoting the export of Afghan fresh and dried fruits to international markets. CHAMP was conceived to boost agricultural productivity and food security, provide market opportunities, and decrease poppy production.

Source – JudicialWatch

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Drug War? American Troops Are Protecting Afghan Opium. U.S. Occupation Leads to All-Time High Heroin Production

By Washington’s Blog – Global Research, June 24, 2017

first published in June 2014
It is well-documented that the U.S. government has – at least at some times in some parts of the world – protected drug operations.
(Big American banks also launder money for drug cartels. See this, this, this and this. Indeed, drug dealers kept the banking system afloat during the depths of the 2008 financial crisis. And the U.S. drug money laundering is continuing to this day.)
The U.S. military has openly said that it is protecting Afghani poppy fields:

 

As Wikipedia notes:

Opium production in Afghanistan has been on the rise since U.S. occupation started in 2001.

Indeed, a brand new report from the United Nations finds that opium production is at an all-time high.
Common Dreams notes:

The cultivation of opium poppy in Afghanistan—a nation under the military control of US and NATO forces for more than twelve years—has risen to an all-time high, according to the 2013 Afghanistan Opium Survey released Wednesday by the United Nations.

According to the report, cultivation of poppy across the war-torn nation rose 36 per cent in 2013 and total opium production amounted to 5,500 tons, up by almost a half since 2012.

“This has never been witnessed before in the history of Afghanistan,” said Jean-Luc Lemahieu, the outgoing leader of the Afghanistan office of the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime, which produced the report.

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The U.S. military has allowed poppy cultivation to continue in order to appease farmers and government officials involved with the drug trade who might otherwise turn against the Afghan Karzai government in Kabul. Fueling both sides, in fact, the opium and heroin industry is both a product of the war and an essential source for continued conflict.

Public Intelligence has published a series of photographs showing American – and U.S.-trained Afghan – troops patrolling poppy fields in Afghanistan. Public Intelligence informs us that all of the photos are in the public domain, and not subject to copyright, and they assured me that I have every right to reproduce them.
We produce these photos and the accompanying descriptions from Public Intelligence without further comment.

 

Source – GlobalResearch (Washington’sBlog)

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North Korea Is A Major Opium Producer (Making It A Prime Target For The CIA)

By Tyler Durden    May 11, 2017

When the U.S. overthrew the Taliban in the wake of 9/11 as part of its newly launched “war on terror,” it set the stage for the explosive growth of Afghanistan’s dying opium industry. A few short months before the invasion took place, the Taliban made headlines for having “dramatically ended the country’s massive opium trade” after the leader of the fundamentalist group had declared the substance to be un-Islamic. At the time, Afghanistan’s opium was used to produce 75 percent of the world’s heroin.

Source – ZeroHedge